Sunday, May 24, 2020
Urban areas are very important to our economy, cities are full of different people with different abilities and most are in need of jobs. Living close to Flint and being in Flint every week, reminds me of all the people that could use jobs in urban areas. I am a Business Management Major with a focus in Entrepreneurship and when I applied to college I had a long talk with my parents about what I would want to do once I graduate. As I progressed throughout my years of school I tried so hard to find something IÃ¢â¬â¢m interested in that I would want to pursue when I graduated. I am about to graduate and I have done some serious thinking and discussing with my parents about business ideas. This past summer we settled on an idea of a skin care facility; not like a dermatologist office. My mom had some interest in going to a trade school to become an esthetician and looked into different schools to attend. This interest started because she has always cared about her skin and always talks to my sister and me about how important it is to take care of our skin at a young age. My mom has gone to the dermatologist to get skin spots removed, and so has my dad, so they both are very serious about skin care. Therefore, this is where the idea of a skin care facility came about. Not only is this idea about skin care there are other services offered that focus on skin rejuvenation, such as Botox and laser hair removal. It is important to keep our skin healthy from the beginning stages of ourShow MoreRelatedI Am An Plan Of The Next Year During My Master Of Business Management Program1612 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesDevelopment Plan Simranjit Singh Student Id 201500154 Date 28/7/15 Dr. Venkatesh Mahadnevan Summary: In this learning and creating system i am composing an plan of the next year during my Master of Business Management program. Most importantly i will expound on myself and after that future viewpoint about my profession. Those i need to exhibit that why this MBA program i chose for making vocation in the comparable bearing. After introduction the big picture of this world is how to get job related to myRead MoreA STUDY ON STRATEGIC ROLE OF HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT Essay1679 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesÃ¯ » ¿PREFACE Strategic management is the management of change involving the system of corporate values, the corporate culture, and all managerial process of change, such as leadership, planning, control, and human resources management. The strategic management process represents a logical, systematic, and objective approach for determining an enterprises future direction. Researchers usually distinguish three stages in the process of strategic management: strategy formulation, strategy implementationRead MoreStatement of Purpose Engineering Business Management842 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAfter completion of my national service, I set my eyes on gaining more work experience and then pursuing a Msc degree. I am excited to now be on the cusp of making that dream a reality. I have come a long way from the reserved college freshman who dreaded the thought of being a student class leader because it involved public speaking, to a flamboyant leader and colleague. I conquered those fears to now become the Pr oject Coordinator for the GRA (Ghana Revenue Authority) and GCNET E-Government projectRead MoreSTATEMENT OF PURPOSE1611 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesprogress, in every society, in every family.Ã¢â¬ As I move towards a point where my undergraduate programme is about to end, and I sit down to define the course of my career, I felt a strong desire to pursue a career that combined IT with management skills. I believe MBA is a platform to cultivate diverse managerial skill sets, generate ideas with structured thoughts and capability of assuming higher corporate responsibility. From my schooling times, I have shown very keen interest in the subjects ofRead MoreBusiness1209 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesDevelopment in Agriculture offered by Agris Mundus. I completed from Larenstein University of Professional Education in The Netherlands with a Bachelor Honours Degree in Agribusiness and Management. Since 2004 after I completed the degree program, I have gained experience in Business Management through teaching and learning. The Masters in Sustainable Development in Agriculture offered by Agris Mundus will enable me to get more experience in the management of resources via the acquisition of skills, knowledgeRead MoreSelf Assessment1238 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesassessment, I must: 1. Analyze my personality, past experiences, desires, strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats to accurately assess my ability to succeed as an entrepreneur; 2. Select the types of endeavors that I can easily embrace, and research the market and opportunity for success in these ventures based upon customer target markets, technologies, and industries that I think would be an appropriate and realistic fit for me; 3. Identify the team members and talent I will requireRead MoreMy Strengths And Weaknesses Of My Career1140 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesTowards the beginning of the semester, I was a little hectic. I had an idea with what I wanted to do with my life but I was not fully sure. Now I have learned what some of the majors I was interested in are about. Knowing what the majors are about helped me narrow the options down. Also, I have learned more about my strengths and weaknesses. This told me what majors would suit me better to my strengths and weaknesses. Throughout the process of the MyPlan, I have learned my strengths and weaknessesRead MorePersonal Application Essay Example1205 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesI currently work for NHS Wales Informatics Service (NWIS) as the Principal Support and Business Analyst for the Welsh Radiology Information System (WRIS). I have been working in this role for the past ten months on an Ã¢â¬Ëacting upÃ¢â¬â¢ basis, and I am applying for the position of Principa l Support and Business Analyst on a permanent basis as I possess the variety of skills required to fulfil the role. I am a determined and highly organised individual, with a strong work ethic and over 10 years extensiveRead MoreThe Ontario Public Service ( Ops ) Website993 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesI am very interested in the above-noted position that was advertised on the Ontario Public Service (OPS) website. I am confident that this position would fully utilize my project management and leadership skills developed over the past 8 years while supporting various levels of business throughout the project management life cycle. I believe that my current role as a Project Coordinator/Financial Analyst with the Ministry of Community and Social Services (MCSS) has provided me with the skills requiredRead MoreThe Field Of Business Management1178 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesOctober 2014 Business Management In the field of business there are several fields of emphasis one can choose to focus their major on. I chose to major in business management for several very distinct reasons that will appear in this paper. The first reason I choose to focus on a management major was for the opportunity to work with other people. Management requires collaboration as opposed to simply being an individual effort. The second reason I am interested in the field of business management
Thursday, May 14, 2020
Exploring Animal Rights in America and the Treatment of Animals in the Entertainment Industry Joseph Horton ITT Technical Institute Dayton Campus Author Note Joseph H. Horton, Bachelor Student in Project Management, ITT Technical Institute. This research was supported in part by my school tuition provided by Federal Student Loans and the ITT Technical Institute Opportunity Scholarship. Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Joseph Horton, 12 S. Timber Hollow Dr. Apt. 1213,Fairfield, OH 45014. Abstract The purpose of this case study will be to understand the belief for animal rights in the United States and how college students feel in regards to the treatment of Animals in Entertainment. I intend to explore theÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The discussion argues in favor of descriptive definition of animal law, but explains why such a definition may be difficult to formulate. The Article maintains that a necessary first step in finding a satisfactory definitionÃ¢â¬âand in motivating lawyers, law school faculty, and law students to pay sufficient attention to animal-related legal issuesÃ¢â¬âis rejection of advocacy-oriented definitions of animal law. Claire Rasmussen (2012) discusses the animal rights in a little more detail in regards to the biasness of the animal rights laws. She discusses the deficiencies in the laws that do exist and points out that the laws will never cover all aspects of animal interactions with the human population. Her research is important because when new laws are formed they can try to better protect all animals versus the few that are protected. While law does not define animal rights, it is a something that the world has put a large focus on for years. Lyle Munro (2012) introduces us to the Animal Rights movement, which he describes as one of the most neglected and misunderstood movements of our era. He explains the history of the movement and then explores the reasoning why itÃ¢â¬â¢s becoming more important to our society and social movement scholars. His research will help to understand the reasoning for the movement and stand to educate people on the importance of the movement. The animal rights movement isShow MoreRelatedShould Animals Be Used For Scientific Experiments?1189 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesjustifying the use of animals for scientific research to benefit man, to giving them the right to live life alongside man? This brings up the debate: should animals be used in scientific experiments (Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦procedures performed on living animals for purposes of research into basic biology and diseases, assessing the effectiveness of..Ã¢â¬ Humane Society International)? This debate has been going on for centuries, and still very prevalent in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society. Especially with the rise of animal activist groups suchRead MoreAnimal Testing Should Be Banned926 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Chimpanzees Ã¢â¬Å"used in animal tests can exhibit symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder, a condition more commonly associated with soldiers who have experienced deadly combatÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"Animal RightsÃ¢â¬ ). PTSD is a serious anxiety disorder that may or may not be treated with several therapy sessions. Ã¢â¬Å"More than 100 million animals every year suffer and die in cruel chemical, drug, food, and cosmetics tests as well as in biology lessons, medical training exercises, and curiosity-driven medical experimentsRead MoreThe Importance of Fables Essay1324 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesteaches a moral through the use of animals as the main character. Fables toy with the idea of human vanity. Fables are very popular in childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s literature as it teaches children lessons while keeping them interested with the animal characters. Fables were westernized through the help of Aesop. It is unknown whether or not Aesop was a real person but is viewed as one of the fathers of fables. Modern editions contain up to 200 fables and are growing. I am writing this paper in order to inform you, theRead MoreAnimal Testing And The World Of Scientific Research1746 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAnimals used in laboratories dates as far back as the 17th century (Unknown, 2015)6. When I first read this statistic, it was surprising because the amount of time testing has been around really makes one think about the advancements made because of that. Due to the amount of time animal testing has been around, two general groups have formed in response to this. The people advocating for it are commonly part of the science community or anyone that supports what science hopes to accomplish and thenRead MoreThe Morality of Zoos Essay858 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageszoos are a form of entertainment for the public and a taxable industry for the government; most of them do in fact research the animals they have in their captivity. This research can be beneficial and life saving for humans and if it were not for this testing, we would not have many key vaccin es that we have today. For the sake of this paper the term zoo can be applied to all animals in captivity. This includes those for entertainment, medical testing, and rehabilitation/protection. Tom Reagan wroteRead MoreEssay about The Necessities of Animal Experimentation1273 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Necessities of Animal Experimentation Throughout my paper, I felt as though I was able to give a solid and fair representation of the opposing viewpoint on issue of animal testing. However, it was challenging because I strongly oppose animal testing. The rhetorical analysis played a role in this, because I was required to use the various rhetorical appeals to compose a strong argument. Using the appeals definitely helped in trying to persuade the reader to acknowledge the opposingRead MoreShould We Use Animals For Medical Research Over The Recent Centuries?969 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesthere are countless animals disappearing around us every day which means they canÃ¢â¬â¢t enjoy the sunshine tomorrow. These animals are unlucky that they donÃ¢â¬â¢t have control over their own lives. Nowadays, at different corners of the world, various chemicals with hidden danger are being injected into the animalsÃ¢â¬â¢ body. They are being tested in lots of areas. Mostly being tested for whether a new drug is effective or not. We human call this phenomenon as medical research with animals and it is expressedRead MoreAnimal Cruelty And Animal Justice Essay717 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesharm animals or do not concern themselves with animal rights o ften have no idea what happens at slaughterhouses and the effects that harming animals can have on individuals both personally and environmentally. A variety of documentaries, reports, and information regarding these issues are quite accessible through many organizations and groups. Some include: - PETA - Mercy for Animals - AWFC (Animal Welfare Foundation of Canada) - Animal Justice - World Animal Protection - PAWS (Peoples Animal WelfareRead MoreAnimal Testing Should Be Banned From Our Society874 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAnimal Rights Demand Protection My thesis is that animal testing should be banned from our society altogether. Animal rights advocates argue that testing is a subject that has been argued countless amount of times in medical journals, and it has shown that it is a waste of animal lives. Subsequently, processing of a single drug requires more than 50 trials and use of as many as 12,000 animals. Moreover, regardless of the ethical issues that derive from animal testing, the infliction of physical/psychologicalRead MoreAll Animals Are Equal Essay1744 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesoccur each day on the issues of animal cruelty and human rights, but when the issues are put together which will reign over the other? The author Peter Singer of Ã¢â¬Å"All Animals are EqualÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"Tools for ResearchÃ¢â¬ presents his argument for determining when animal experiments are justified. The author starts his paper with a counter argument, questioning if one would be willing to let thousands of people die if those people could be saved by experimentation on a single animal. The answer is a unanimous no;
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Community service is something that doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t only improve us, it also benefits the broader public. A community is similar to a puzzle, without one of the pieces it is never flawless. Even though people at times contemplate that their retribution is meaningless, theyÃ¢â¬â¢re truly not looking at the bigger picture. Personally when I volunteered at Sanford Health, I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t focus on who I was truly helping or whether or not it was making a difference. This volunteering experience, I considered to be a service I was providing and nothing more. Looking back at it, I can distinguish the difference I made not only in the patientsÃ¢â¬â¢ lives, but also in the nursesÃ¢â¬â¢ lives. When analyzing this service opportunity, it became clear that community service can affect not only the people we are serving but those around and also ourselves. Not only was I helping the patients and the nurses, but they were helping me become a well-rounded person. The reason I decided to take on this opportunity is that I wanted to give back to the community. Providing aid to others not only benefits them, but it also benefits me by strengthening my values. Serving those who were in desperate need at the time made myself into a more valuable person. My main goal in this practice was only to broaden my experience with patients, but it turned into much more. I became really close to the patients and in fact started to care about them on a more personal level. Connecting with those patients was a life changingShow MoreRelatedCommunity Service as a Graduation Requirement1680 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesMrs. Shafer IU English 19 December 2011 Community Service as a Graduation Requirement A wise person once said, Ã¢â¬Å"If you light a lamp for someone else, it will also brighten your path.Ã¢â¬ This particular quote has helped me realize that not enough teenagers are helping their community become a more desirable place to live. Implementing community service into the senior project outline as a requirement would ultimately benefit the students and the community. Not only will the students become more awareRead MoreA Place For Call Home : Intellectual Disabilities And Residential Services849 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesto Call Home: Intellectual Disabilities and Residential Services in Nova Scotia,Ã¢â¬ is an article written by Rachel Barken (PH.D Candidate) from the Department of Sociology at McMaster University. This article is about how Nova Scotia still continues to institutionalize people with intellectual disabilities when other provinces across Canada are working on deinstitutionalizing. Provinces in Canada are moving towards the approach of community living b ased group homes for people with intellectual disabilitiesRead MoreShould Community Service Be Mandatory Graduation Requirement? Essay1382 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagescontinuous debate that is currently receiving much attention is whether community service should be a mandatory graduation requirement. Preparing students to effectively function in the real world is an important aspect of our education system. Today more than ever, there is an emphasis on having experience before beginning work. Most jobs are now focused on looking past your resume to see what you have given back to the community. Nevertheless, it is important that schools focus on preparing collegeRead MoreThe Aggregate Group: Children and Adolescents Essay1122 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageswebsite, 2013). Community health professionals have a unique opportunity to improve the health of communityÃ¢â¬â¢s and their aggregates. Assessing the health needs is a first step in understanding how to improve the health risk and behaviors. There are challenges that may deter the community professionals from implementing a health needs plan. These challenges will be discussed in this paper. Facing these challenges will bring awareness and have a positive change for the community in need. UtilizingRead MoreAnalysis Of Saratoga County No Longer Has Safe, Stigma Free Essay1725 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagestreatment center was changed to a Ã¢â¬Å"PROSÃ¢â¬ model where services are limited, time specific, and the focus is on community integration. Lastly, state and county funding was cut for shelter workshop environments and funneled into work readiness programs focused on integrating SPMI individuals into the community workforce. Integration is a noble aspiration. However, many SPMI individuals do n ot have the capacity to successfully integrate into community settings. These individuals are better served in situationsRead MoreCollaboration Between The Illinois Community College Board And The Division Of Humans Capital Development1622 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesthe collaboration between the Illinois Community College Board and the Division of Humans capital development to improve adult literacy in the State of Illinois. In 2008, the two agencies entered an agreement with the aim of improving the literacy levels in the State and the objective of the agreement was to improve social literacy among the adults (Charles Horwarth, 2009). The project was to be implemented under the guardianship of the Illinois community College Board (ICCB) that has the responsibilityRead MoreThe Community Health Model Of Nursing Care Delivery Essay1343 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesI chose the community health model of nursing care delivery because I am mostly involved in community health activities. I have a li ttle experience with community development activities and significant community health care policy development campaigns. By studying the model, I would get a lot of information about my field of interest and realize areas for improvement and involvement to improve community nursing practice. The self-management model that proposes educating the community to deal withRead MoreBarriers to Funding in the Human Services Field and Technological Methods to Overcome Them980 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesthe Human Services Field and Technological Methods for Overcoming Them Introduction There are many barriers to funding in the human services sector. Hampered abilities to deliver services, problems with the efficiency of services, lack of precision in tracking and forecasting costs, and a lack of adequate technical knowledge among professionals in the human services field can all present certain barriers to the receipt of funding necessary to maintain operations for human services agencies andRead MoreIncreasing Utilization Of Mental Health And Health Services777 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesHealth and Health Services The availability of professional services to accommodate all aspects of a healthy child is important to establish in a Community School environment participating Community Schools is partnering with CBOÃ¢â¬â¢s partners and their health service team provide the necessary services for the school. Increase Mental Health/Health Services: In year 1: 60% of students and/or families will demonstrate an increase in utilization of mental health and health services. In year 2: 70% ofRead MoreProposal For Parenting Resource Center1675 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages(2007), 63 percent of children experienced at least one situation of neglect in 2005 while 17 percent experienced physical abuse and 7 percent emotional abuse. Based on these unexpectedly high numbers, there appears to be a significant need in communities around the country for greater efforts to influence positive parenting strategies and provide parents with opportunities for education, stress relief, and added resources. Additionally, Robert Putman (2000) described a trend of declining social
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
This paper is an analysis of MaslowÃ¢â¬â¢s Need Hierarchy Theory, HerzbergÃ¢â¬â¢s Motivators- Hygiene theory and AlderferÃ¢â¬â¢s ERG theory. The main similarity among them is they focus on identifying various needs which motivate an individual. It explains motivated performance as individual efforts to meet the needs. These theories provides the way how organization should motivate their employee to achieve optimum performance. It helps in developing dynamic and productive environment which ensure high organizational performance. The three Content Motivation Theories that discussed in this paper are MaslowÃ¢â¬â¢s Need Hierarchy Theory, HerzbergÃ¢â¬â¢s two factor theory or Motivators- Hygiene theory and Clayton AlderferÃ¢â¬â¢s ERG theory. The main similarity among them is in their focus on identifying and understanding employee needs. The main difference among them is according the MaslowÃ¢â¬â¢s needs must be met in hierarchical order while Alderfer states that needs at any level can be unmet simultaneously and Herzberg said that hygiene factors will not motivate an individual. MaslowÃ¢â¬â¢s Need Hierarchy Theory: Human behavior is goal-directed. Motivation cause goal-directed behavior. It is through motivation that needs can be handled and tackled deliberately. This can be understood by understanding the hierarchy of needs. The needs of individual are serves as a driving force in human behavior. Need may define as Ã¢â¬Å"psychological feature that arouses an organism to action towards a goal giving purpose and directionsÃ¢â¬ . Therefore, a manager must understand the hierarchy of needs Proposed Maslow. Maslows theory is based on two principles which are Deficit Principle and Progression Principle. As per Deficit principle a satisfied need no longer motivates behavior because people act to satisfy deprived needs. According to Progression principle the five needs that Maslow identified exist in a hierarchy, which means that a need at any level only comes into play after a lower-level need has been satisfied. According to A. H. Maslow Ã¢â¬Å"Motivation is function of five basic needs. Ã¢â¬ These needs are physiological need, safety need, love and belonging need; self esteem need, self actualization need. Maslow said that these five needs are arranged in order it influence human behavior. Maslow also said that once an individual satisfy his lower order need than he move towards his higher order needs as the lower order needs no longer motivate him. The lower order needs are known as deficiency needs and higher order needs called growth needs. Now let me briefly describe those needs. 1. Physiological Need: These are very basic needs but very vital for survival of an individual. It consist of food, water, shelter, need for sex, etc. 2. Safety Security Need: Once an individual satisfy with his physiological needs he move towards second level needs which are needs for safety and security. Individual generally seek security from physical, psychological financial harm Individual comes under this category of needs are motivated through job security, health bank balance for financial stability. 3. Love Belonging Need: Individual under this need category seeks love and acceptance by their society love once. Their behavior has been carried out by emotional relationships. Individual under this category are motivated by friendship, acceptance by social, community groups, romantic relationship, etc. 4. Self Esteem Need: These are higher level needs according to need hierarchy theory. It is need for appreciation, respect, prestige, reputation etc. Individual under this category are motivated by high self esteem which comes from self confidence, recognition by others, etc. 5. Self Actualization Need: This is the highest level of need hierarchy theory. It is need for self fulfillment, individualÃ¢â¬â¢s desire to achieve full potential as human being. Individual under this category has accepted them self as they are now they can enjoy their life without guilt. Implications of MaslowÃ¢â¬â¢s Hierarchy of Needs Theory: The managers must identify the exiting need level of the employee and then those needs can be utilized as push for motivation. For physiological needs, the managers should give employees appropriate salaries to satisfy the necessities of life. To satisfy security needs, employees need a safe and hygiene working environment, provide wage that is enough to afford their desired lifestyle, house and quality of life and retirement benefits which give them an extra layer of job security and that helps in retain them. Social needs necessitate managers to focus on team work and social events, as well as providing employees a chance to socialize outside of work. Esteem needs would be met by appreciation of achievements, rewards for good performance. Finally, self-actualization need can be met by furnishing the employees with challenging jobs which ensure that the employeesÃ¢â¬â¢ skills and competencies are fully utilized. Moreover, growth prospects can be given to them so that they can reach the peak. HerzbergÃ¢â¬â¢s Motivator Hygiene Theory: This theory focus on various job related factors which de-motivate or motivate individual. Factors which motivate an individual are known as motivators or satisfiers while factors which de-motivate an individual are called dissatisfies or hygiene factors. Motivators or Satisfiers: They are related with an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s need for growth. The Presence of these factors actively creates job satisfaction. They are associated with content of task being performed Motivators include satisfactions, recognition, responsibility, opportunity for growth, etc. Hygiene Factors: Hygiene factors are based on providing pleasant work environment. Absence of these factors creates dissatisfaction and which would result in to low productivity, poor quality production, an average service quality, unpleasant work condition, lack of free flow of communication among employee and supervisor. Hygiene factors include company policy, wage and salary, quality of supervision, interpersonal relations among employees, etc. According to Herzberg Ã¢â¬Å"Factors which creates satisfaction are different from factors which creates dissatisfaction. So it needs to be consideration that opposite of satisfaction is no satisfaction rather than dissatisfaction and opposite of dissatisfaction is no dissatisfaction rather than satisfaction. Implications of HerzbergÃ¢â¬â¢s Two-Factor Theory The motivation-hygiene theory implies that managers must focus their efforts in two areas which are to ensure enough level hygiene factors which avoid any employee dissatisfaction and make sure that the work is inspiring, exciting and rewarding so that the employees are motivated to perform their work with enhanced and better efforts. This theory accentuate upon ob-enrichment to motivate the employees. The job must utilize the employeeÃ¢â¬â¢s skills and competencies to the maximum. Future more as per the motivator-hygiene theory meeting employees lower-level needs would only prevent employees from becoming actively dissatisfied but will not motivate them. To motivate workers along with job-enrichment managers must focus on satisfying their higher order need by changing the intrinsic nature and content of job itself, by providing autonomy to take additional responsibility, and award enough opportunity to develop their skills and careers. AlderferÃ¢â¬â¢s ERG Theory Clayton AlderferÃ¢â¬â¢s ERG theory is the extension and simplification of Maslows five need hierarchy into three needs which are Existence, Relatedness and Growth. Hence it called ERG theory. ERG theory presents a model of progressive need. This elasticity feature allows the ERG theory to explain wide variety of practical behaviors. Existence Needs These include need for basic necessities of life. It includes an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s physiological and physical safety needs. These need reside at lowest level. Once individual has fulfilled his existence needs he would feel safe and physically relaxed. Relatedness Needs Once an individual feel safe relaxed then he move towards fulfilling the next set of need which is Relatedness. These include the aspiration of an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s for maintaining important interpersonal relationships, getting community recognition and recognition. Growth Needs The highest level of need on ERG theory is growth needs. Here an individual look for growth. These include need for self-advancement and personal growth and advancement. Once an individual satisfy his growth needs he feel a sense of completeness, accomplishment and realization Implications of ERG Theory Unlike with Maslows need hierarchy theory, managers must be aware of that an individual has several needs to fulfill simultaneously. According to the frustration- regression aspect of ERG Theory, if advancement opportunities are not provided to individual, they he may revert back to relatedness needs. If the manager is able to identify this situation, then steps can be taken to concentrate on relatedness needs until the individual is able to pursue advancement again. The situation or conditions are not favorable then he might revert to the need for money to fulfill those needs. Similarity Differences between MaslowÃ¢â¬â¢s Need hierarchy Theory and Herzbergs Two-Factor Hygiene Theory: Both Herzberg MaslowÃ¢â¬â¢s theory states that needs of an individual must be satisfied in order to motivate him. However according to HerzbergÃ¢â¬â¢s theory higher level needs of MaslowÃ¢â¬â¢s theory are motivators and on the other hand lower level needs will create dissatisfaction if not met properly. Hygiene factors of Herzberg theory are identical to lower level need of MaslowÃ¢â¬Ës theory. Higher level needs of MaslowÃ¢â¬â¢s theory are equivalent to motivators of Herzberg theory. Maslow identified five sets of needs which individual provided they satisfied on priority basis while Herzberg identified job related factors which motivate individual. MaslowÃ¢â¬Ës theory is more popular simple and descriptive while Herzberg theory perspective and it is an extension to MaslowÃ¢â¬â¢s theory. MaslowÃ¢â¬â¢s theory is widely cited and has wide applicability. It is mostly applicable where money is still a big motivator. On the other hand Herzberg theory has narrow applicability. It is mostly applicable where money is less motivating factor. According to MaslowÃ¢â¬â¢s theory any need could act as motivator as long as it is not satisfied or relatively less satisfied on the contrary as per Herzberg theory only motivators like achievement, recognition, etc can motivate an individual. Hygiene factors do not motivate an individual. Similarity Differences between MaslowÃ¢â¬â¢s Need hierarchy Theory and AlderferÃ¢â¬â¢s ERG Theory AlderferÃ¢â¬â¢s ERG theory is very identical to MaslowÃ¢â¬â¢s Need Hierarchy but It has only three tiers. The ERG needs can be grouped with Maslows theory like Existence parallel to Physiological and safety needs. Relatedness equivalent to Social and external esteem needs. Growth similar to Self-actualization and internal esteem needs. Like Maslows Need Hierarchy theory, the ERG theory is hierarchical as existence needs have precedence over relatedness needs, which have priority over growth. ERG theory has only three sets of needs compare to MaslowÃ¢â¬â¢s five sets of need of hierarchy. The ERG theory allows different priority of needs for different individual. According to the frustration- regression principle of ERG Theory, higher level need remains nfulfilled; the person may revert back to lower level needs which are relatively easy to satisfy. It may be a bit more logical, as the ERG theory state that unlike MaslowÃ¢â¬â¢s theory sex does not come under lower level need since it is not critical for survival of an individual. MaslowÃ¢â¬â¢s need hierarchy theory is rigid as it assumes that the needs follow a specific hierarchy and unless a lower-level need is satisfied, an individual cannot move towards the higher-level need while ERG Theory is very flexible as an individual satisfy needs as a variety rather than as a hierarchy. Similarity Differences between AlderferÃ¢â¬â¢s ERG Theory and Herzbergs Two-Factor Hygiene Theory According to ERG theory any unsatisfied need could act as motivator on the other side as per Herzberg two factor theory only motivators like achievement, recognition, etc can motivate an individual. Hygiene factors do not motivate an individual. AlderferÃ¢â¬â¢s ERG theory categorized three sets of needs which motivate an individual while Herzberg identified job related factors which motivate individual called motivators also identified that the absence of hygiene factors would create negative satisfaction among employee. Compare Contrast MaslowÃ¢â¬â¢s Need hierarchy Theory, AlderferÃ¢â¬â¢s ERG Theory and Herzbergs Two-Factor Hygiene Theory Maslows hierarchy of needs is based on the assumption that individual has their needs satisfied at a certain level then the next level need with motivate them to move forward into the hierarchy. In Maslows theory, the basic needs are physiological, food, air, water, sleep and sex. The second level is security such as work and safety and security. The next levels of hierarchy are social, esteem and self actualizing. In the social there is a need for family friends; recognition from community, in the esteem a need for self confidence, and in the final self actualizing is to achieve full potential as human being. Each of these needs is significant for the overall satisfaction of an individual. ERG theory cuts down these levels into three although it provides more flexibility. Needs may vary from person to person and different person may have different levels. In these levels of needs, people may find it difficult to satisfy the next level and revert back to an easier level. According to ERG theory the three categories of need are existence, relatedness. According to the frustration- regression aspect of ERG Theory, if growth opportunities are not provided to individual, they he may revert back. Two factor theory by Herzberg has two categories which are motivator and hygiene factors. Hygiene factors include better working conditions, job security, salary, status and interpersonal relationships. Motivators include achievement, recognition, interest, and responsibility. High hygiene plus low motivators can lead to few complaints and issues. This theory only apply to work environment it did not applied to other parts of life like family, community, and other human dealings and concern. How MaslowÃ¢â¬â¢s Need Hierarchy Theory, AlderferÃ¢â¬â¢s ERG Theory and Herzbergs Two-Factor Hygiene Theory improve OrganizationÃ¢â¬â¢s Performance: Motivational theory has to do with the way organization motivates their employee to perform their task effectively which ultimately improve organizational performance. Motivational theory helps organization to develop productive work environment. Herzberg theory help organization to identify job related factors which promote health work environment. MaslowÃ¢â¬â¢s theory helps mangerÃ¢â¬â¢s to understand that not all individual are driven by the sane needs and the needs that motivate individuals can change overtime. Manager should consider which need an individual try to satisfy and depending upon that manager should design the reward structure which motivate an individual and that motivated individual results in to better organizational performance. Herzberg theory promotes democratic approach to management which helps organization to find motivators which are more concern with actual job like challenging task that give sense of achievement. Content Motivation Theories are Need-based theories explain motivated actions as individual efforts to meet needs. As per this perspective, the managerÃ¢â¬â¢s job is to identify what individual needs and then to ensure that the work environment becomes a means of fulfilling these needs. MaslowÃ¢â¬â¢s hierarchy categorizes human needs into five hierarchical needs as physiological, safety, social, esteem, and self-actualization needs. ERG theory is a modification of MaslowÃ¢â¬â¢s hierarchy, where the five needs are categorized into three set of needs as existence, relatedness, and growth. The two-factor theory differentiates between factors that make individual dissatisfied on the job known as hygiene factors and factors that truly motivate individual known as motivators.
Saturday, April 4, 2020
Ocular Visit Essay TheÃ Barangay is theÃ basic unit of government here in the Philippines. According to the address of Senator Bongbong Marcos in Liga ng mga BarangayÃ¢â¬â¢s 1st General Assembly held at Heritage Hotel Manila, it is the soul of local government autonomy. We are to select a barangay that is the beneficiary of our chosen project. We chose the Barangay Salinas 1, Bacoor City,Ã in theÃ provinceÃ ofÃ Cavite,Ã Philippines because last July 10,2013, several houses were burned that caused some families to become homeless. In the Barangay of Salinas 1, they belong to a first class municipality in terms of income. It is also convenient for them because SM City Bacoor is near the vicinity. The neighbourhood we entered is peaceful. I have also observed and learned that there are many town homes subdivision and there are two phases of Meralco Housing project located in this barangay. There is also an elementary school with covered court and children center in which the environment is conducive for learning. Good thing also is that there are trees in some household and there is also grass area. Local government officials are also working to improve their barangay. They posted accomplishment reports in their barangay hall to showcase their implemented projects like the constructing a waiting shed entitled: Ã¢â¬Å"Silungan ng mag-aaral umulan man o umarawÃ¢â¬ headed by Sanguniang Kabataan. There are also some negative aspects or weaknesses in the barangay of Salinas 1. One is that the barangay is beside a river so it is located in a flood plain. There will be occasional flood in the area especially if heavy rain continually pours. I also observed that small roads and less social interaction in the neighbourhood. We will write a custom essay sample on Ocular Visit specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Ocular Visit specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Ocular Visit specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer The children and even some teens are just lurking in the streets. There is also less engagement that inherently creates a community who take pride and self-responsibility for what goes on in their neighbourhood and its outside appearance. The project I would like to propose is a leadership seminar for adults in the barangay ages 21 and above. It is because while we were walking around the neighbourhood, I noticed that there is less interaction of people living in the neighbourhood. Through this project, it will allow people to resolve collective problems more easily. The community will be able to advance more smoothly. Sometimes, they wonÃ¢â¬â¢t have to rely on local government to keep their infrastructure and the environment in tip-top shape. Another is for health and safety issues. People should know how to take appropriate actions in any situation especially that there was a fire that killed a five-year old boy. And lastly, for the importance of community dialogue. Every barangay needs leaders who understand the importance of public discourse and civic conversations who can also connect with the local officials.
Sunday, March 8, 2020
abraham lincon essays President Abraham Lincoln was the 16th President of the United States. He was the president during the Civil War when he fought for slave rights and ended up freeing the slaves. His life ended on April 15, 1865 at the hand of a killer named John Wilkes Booth while attending a performance at Fords Theater in Washington D.C. On February 12, 1809, the son of Thomas and Nancy Honks Lincoln was born in a log cabin in Harden County, Kentucky. They named him Abraham after his grandfather. Having no education, Thomas Lincoln, Abrahams father worked as a farmer, as his family made repeated new starts in the west. When little Abraham was eight years old, his family moved from Kentucky to Indiana, where he grew up in a wild region, with many bears and other wild animals still in the woods. Abrahams childhood was spent in a poor life, as opportunities for education and cultural activities on the frontier wes poor. In the year of 1818, his mother Nancy died of a frontier decease called Milk Sickness. Only one year after Nancys death, Abrahams father, Thomas, married a woman named Sarah bush Johnston, a mother of three children, who became Abrahams stepmothe. Sarah made sure that the by Abraham received at least some schooling to read and write. The Lincolns lived in Indiana for a period of fourteen years. Abraham was raised on hard farm work and hunting. He grew strong and very tall. He was in height, six feet, four inches, nearly weighing, on an average, one hundred and eighty pounds; he had black hair, gray eyes. To support the poor family, Thomas Lincoln kept Abraham busy at farm work until Abraham was twenty-two years old. In the year of 1830, the Lincolns decided to leave the state of Indiana, because they hoped of a better future and moved to the state of Illinois. Abraham settled in the town of New Salem, Illinois, where he began his education by study ...
Friday, February 21, 2020
Common Biases in Self-perception - Essay Example 387). People reactions in situations originate in the very perceptions. In order to change peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s reactions and responses to the challenges of everyday life, it is imperative that biases in self-perception, factors governing the self-perceptions, peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s tendency and willingness to change their self-perceptions for the better, and possible ways to achieve this are explored. A very common misconception about the perceptions is that they are passive and are created as a result of an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s recorded information about the subject from the past experience. In reality, perceptions are active and create reality rather than recording it depending upon an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s response to the stimuli (Curry, Meyer, and McKinney, 2006, p. 28). Self-perceptions play a big role in the quality of performance of an individual. Yammarino and Atwater (1993) proposed a model according to which accurate self-perception leads to better individual and organizational outcomes whereas inflated or deflated self-perception leads to diminished or mixed results respectively. The behavior and psychology of an individual is different when he/she is working as part of a group from when he/she is working alone. Generally, people tend to have self-serving biases when they are being part of a team. They tend to take credit for the teamÃ¢â¬â¢s successes while indulge in a blame-game to avoid the responsibility of failure (Taylor and Doria, 1981, p. 210). Factors that help an individual carry accurate self-perceptions include but are not limited to high self-esteem, knowledge, and good critical analysis skills. Reifenberg (2001, p. 627) found that people who make good judgments about their performance have higher internal attributions than others whose judgments are not quite as good. Lack of the skill to respond accurately to particular situations at hand arises from lack of peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s awareness of their lack of ability to differentiate between the accurate a nd inaccurate response to the very situations. This essentially means that rather than being ignorant of their lack of skill to respond accurately, such people are ignorant about their ignorance. Instead of realizing their deficiencies, these people tend to overestimate their skill of responding in the right way thinking there is no problem all which is how their ignorance works. People with low talent are more optimistic about their performance as compared to the people with high talent. Indeed, the latter are slightly pessimistic about their performance not because they underestimate their own skills, but because they tend to overestimate the skills of others, whereas actually others are not as good at responding in the right way as they are. On the other hand, the optimism of the people with low talent originates in their lack of knowledge, thus causing them more trouble with their metacognitive judgments. Failure of these people to realize their incompetence is because of the fa ct that they are doubly cursed in that they are not only unable to make the right response but are also unable to differentiate between the right and wrong response. Ã¢â¬Å"[I]ncompetence means that people cannot successfully complete the task of metacognition, which, among its many meanings, refers to the ability to evaluate responses as correct or incorrectÃ¢â¬ (Dunning et al., 2003, p. 85). OthersÃ¢â¬â¢